To visit Madinah is not a Hajj or Umrah rite, but the unique merits of the Prophet’s city, his Mosque and his sacred tomb attract every pilgrim to visit it. There is no Ihram nor talbiyah for the visit to Madinah or the Prophet’s Mosque.
Madinah is situated in central Hejaz (Saudi Arabia). Red Sea is towards the west and Makkah is about 200 miles = 403 Kilo Meters to the south.
Madinah was called Yathrib before Hijrah and came to be known as Taybah or Madinah. The Prophet (peace be upon him) had great love for this city. He once said that “There is a cure for every disease in the dust of Madinah” (Al-Targhib).
Going to Madinah at any time with the intention of visiting the Prophet’s Mosque is a sunnah, as is performing salah in it, According to a hadith of the Prophet (may peace and blessing of Allah be on him). a salah performed in the Prophet’s Mosque is better than a thousand salats in any other place excepting the Sacred Mosque (Masjid al-Haram) in Makkah.
There is no ihram nor talbiyah for the visit to the Prophet’s Mosque, and it should be emphasized that there is no connection whatsoever between this visit and the hajj.
It is sunnah to have (Taharah), and visit the Mosque of Quba and offer salat in it, as the Prophet (peace be on him) prayed there and encouraged others to do the same.
Unique Merit of the Prophet’s Mosque
The Prophet (peace be upon him) himself participated in the construction of this mosque, called it “My Mosque” and led prayers in it for years. He has also said that a salah performed in the Prophet’s Mosque is better than a thousand salats in any other place except Masjid al-Haram in Makkah.
According to Anas, the Prophet (peace be upon him) has also said:
“The person who offers 40 prayers consecutively in my Mosque, without missing a prayer in between, will secure immunity from the fire of Hell and other torments and also from hypocrisy.” (Musnad Ahmad).
When you enter the Prophet’s Mosque, enter with your right foot first, saying the name of Allah the Most High, and evoking blessings on His Prophet (may His peace and blessings be on him), and ask Allah to open the gates of His mercy for you. The recommended words for entering any mosque, including the Prophet’s Mosque, are:
“A’udhu billahil-adheem wa wajhi hil-kareem wa sultanihil- qadeem mina – shaytani-rajeem. Allahhumma, iftah li abwaba rahmattk.
(I seek refuge in Allah the Al-mighty, and in His noble countenance and in His eternal power, from Satan the Rejected. 0 Allah, open to me the doors of Your mercy.”
Perform two rak’ats of tahiyyat al-masjid (the salat of “greeting of the mosque”) after entering the Mosque, preferably in the Rawdah or otherwise anywhere else in the Mosque.
Then go to the grave of the Prophet (may the peace and blessing of Allah be on him), and standing in front of it and facing it, say in a respectful and hushed voice:
“Assalamu ‘alaika, ayyuhan-nabiyya wa rahmat al lahi wa barakatuhu. ”
(Peace be on you, O Prophet, and the mercy and blessings of Allah),
and call for the blessings of Allah on him.
Then move a little to the right to stand before the grave of Abu Bakr (may Allah be pleased with him). Greet him and supplicate Allah to bestow His mercy and forgiveness on him. Again move a little to the right to stand before the grave of ‘Umar (may Allah be pleased with him), and greet him and make supplication for him.
Common Errors whilst in Madinah
Touching and wiping one’s hands on the walls and iron grilles, tying threads to the gratings, and other acts of this sort while visiting the grave of the Prophet (may peace and blessings of Allah be on him) in order to receive blessings (barakah) are an innovation (bid’a). Blessings come from following what Allah and His Messenger (peace be on him) have prescribed, and not from following innovations.
Going to the caves of Mount Uhud or to the caves of Hira or Thaur near Makkah and hanging pieces of cloth or making supplications there have not been prescribed by Allah. All these are unnecessary hardships, innovations in the religion, and are without any basis in the Shari’ah.
Likewise, visiting certain sites under the impression that these constitute “relics” of the Prophet (peace be on him), as for example the place where his camel sat, the Well of ‘Uthman or the Well of the Ring, and gathering soil from these places to obtain “blessings”, are all innovations.
Calling upon the dead while visiting the graves at the Baqi’ Cemetery or the graves of the martyrs of Uhud, and throwing coins in order to seek the blessings of the place or of the people buried there, is a grievous error indeed. it is shirk (ascribing partners to Allah the Most High), as has been pointed out by scholars. It is clear from the Book of Allah and the sunnah of His Messenger (peace be on him) that all forms of worship are for Allah alone. It is not permissible to call upon, or to offer sacrifice, give vow or any other form of ibadah (worship) except for Allah alone. Allah the Most High, says: “and they were commanded nothing except to worship Allah (only), purifying the religion for Him alone” – and He also says;
“Verily, the places of worship are for Allah (alone), so do not call on anyone else apart from Allah.”
We ask Allah, the Most High, to improve the condition of the Muslims and to give them understanding of the religion. and to turn all of us away from errors and deviations Indeed, He is the Hearing, the Responding”